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Guillaume Albert

Mesoscopic transport in superconductor-graphene hybrid nanostructures

Published on 10 October 2011

Thesis presented October 10, 2011

This thesis presents a study of electronic transport in exfoliated graphene at low temperature. A first set of experiment at 4K on samples connected by titanium/gold electrodes exhibits Quantum Hall effect and universal conductance fluctuations. Quantum Hall effect shows a half-integer quantization specific of graphene. The universality of conductance fluctuations is checked experimentally and a decrease of electronic coherence length is observed near the Dirac point. A second series of samples connected by titanium/aluminum electrodes allows the study of superconducting proximity effect in graphene, at temperatures between 1K and 100mK. In a first sample, measurements exhibit multiple Andreev reflexions and indicate nearly established Josephson effect. An amplification of universal conductance fluctuations when electrodes are in the superconducting state is also observed. In a second sample, we observe strong localization, which tends to suppress conductance fluctuation, therefore entering in competition with proximity effect.

Mesoscopic physics, Universal conductance fluctuations, Andreev reflexion, Graphene, Quantum Hall effect, Proximity effect

On-line thesis.